Who is Leviathan in Psalm 74:14?

by Pastor Ricky Kurth

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“Who is leviathan, and what does Psalm 74:14 mean?”

“Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest
him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.” (Psalm 74:14)

Elsewhere, God vows to punish “leviathan that crooked serpent” and thereby “slay the dragon” (Isa. 27:1). So leviathan there is “the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil” (Rev. 20:2).

Breaking his heads is an idiom that describes what God did to Satan when He defeated the devil’s army at the Red Sea (Psa. 74:13). Giving him “to be meat to the people in the wilderness” is what God did later to Satan’s giants in Canaan. Joshua told the Jews in the wilderness not to fear them, “for they are bread for us” (Num. 14:9), that is, “We’ll eat them alive!”

Tribulation Jews will hide from the beast in the wilderness (Rev. 12:6,14), and Isaiah 27:1 will assure them that the Lord will defeat him, and he and his host will be meat for them at Armageddon.

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